Road rage behaviours among road users in Turkey




traffic psychology, road rage, road users, traffic safety


One of the human-caused factors that decreases traffic safety is road rage behaviors. Many of the behaviors thought to be indicative of road rage are clearly intended to be aggressive. The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency of road rage incidents experienced by road users both as victims and perpetrators. Furthermore, the goal was to investigate the impact of various and other factors on road rage behaviors in the past year. The questionnaire was completed by 633 individuals who agreed to participate in the study and reside in Istanbul, Izmir, and Ankara. All of the participants were Turkish, aged 19–76 years (M = 37.84 years, SD = 10.10); 57.3% were females, and 42.7% were males. The survey application was started with ethical approval. Using the snowball sampling method, a survey link or paper pencil forms were distributed to participants. Participants were requested to fill out the questionnaire form including information and various forms of road rage. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test and binary logistic regression analysis. Using the SPSS 28 program, all data were statistically analyzed to a significance level of p < 0.05. According to our findings, low-level road rage is most common among road users. For perpetration, this rate is 43.6%, while for victimization it is 63.2%. Overall, the results of the analysis suggest that low or high-levels of road rage perpetration and victimization may be influenced by driving a vehicle, carrying a weapon and certain demographic factors like gender, age, education level, and marital status. Numerous factors interact to facilitate road rage's emergence. In our study, various forms of road rage are significantly influenced by factors such as age, gender, education, marital status, driving a vehicle, carrying a weapon. We believe it is crucial to examine this issue from multiple perspectives. Additionally, programs for prevention and intervention that effectively reduce the prevalence of road rage incidents are critical.


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Author Biographies

Alev Aktaş, Sivas Cumhuriyet University, Türkiye

Alev Aktaşis is a psychologist who obtained her PhD degree in 2021 from the Institute on Drug Abuse, Toxicology, and Pharmaceutical Science at Ege University, Türkiye. She is currently an assistant professor in the Department of Psychology at Sivas Cumhuriyet University, Türkiye. Her research interests focus on driver behaviors and skills, road rage, and drunk and drugged driving.

CRediT contribution: Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing—original draft, Writing—review & editing.

Serap Annette Akgür, Ege University, Türkiye

Serap Annette Akgür received her medical degree in 1988 from School of Medicine at Ankara University and completed her residency in medical pharmacology at School of Medicine, Ege University, Türkiye. She completed her PhD degree at Ege University in 2004. Currently, she is a professor at Institute on Drug Abuse, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science at Ege University. She is the President of Society of Forensic and Clinical Toxicology in Türkiye, and an active member in a wide range of international organizations related to forensic toxicology and drug testing.

CRediT contribution: Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing—original draft.


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How to Cite

Aktaş, A., & Akgür, S. A. (2023). Road rage behaviours among road users in Turkey. Traffic Safety Research, 4, 000031.